War in ancient greece

War[ edit ] By the rules of war of the period, the victor possessed absolute rights over the vanquished, whether they were soldiers or not.

War in ancient greece

It was made up of lots of smaller states. These states were always squabbling and often went to war. Only the threat of invasion by a foreign enemy War in ancient greece the Greeks forget their quarrels and fight on the same side.

Ancient Greece - New World Encyclopedia

Their biggest enemy were the Persians, who came from an area around modern day Iran. The Persian kings tried to conquer Greece a few times between to BC, but the Greeks managed to fight them off.

War in ancient greece

Fighting formation The backbone of the Greek army was the 'hoplite'. He was a foot soldier, who fought with a long spear and used a large round shield for protection. In battle, hoplites fought as a team. They lined up in ranks and locked their shields together with just their spears pointing over the top.

Enemy soldiers saw only a wall of spears and shields moving towards them. It was tough to break through once a phalanx started marching forward. The Greeks had archers and cavalry too, but it was the phalanx that won many famous battles. A piece of pottery showing Greek hoplites in action Click on the hoplite to find out about his weapons and armour Start activity A hoplite had to pay for his armour himself, unless his father was killed in battle.

Then he was given his father's equipment. The Spartan soldier state Fighting wars was what the Spartans did best.

Greeks said that in battle one Spartan was worth several other men. The Spartans believed that strict discipline and a tough upbringing was the secret to making the best soldiers.

Boys left their families at seven to begin their year-long training to become a soldier. Only those who went through this gruelling training system were considered true Spartan citizens. It was a hard life. A boy was only allowed one tunic and had to walk everywhere barefoot, even in cold weather.

Girls were expected to be physically fit too. They weren't allowed to be soldiers, but they did compete against the boys at sport. Spartan women also had more freedom than other Greek women.

A wife ran the family farm and gave orders to the slaves known as 'helots'. Spartan mothers told their sons before they left for battle, "Come back with your shield, or on it.

Spartan soldiers wore red cloaks, so bloodstains wouldn't show up. They also grew their hair long and would comb it before going into battle. Click on each of the scenes to find out about some famous ancient Greek battles Start activity The war at sea Greek warships had oars as well as sails.

A trireme needed men to row it - one man to each oar. It was steered by long oars at the stern or back of the ship. Fixed to the front of the trireme was a sharp metal ram. In battle, the triremes tried to get close to the enemy ships, and if possible crash into them.The First Persian War.

After the Ionian revolt ended, Darius decided to expand his empire's territories. In BC the Persians defeated the remains of the Ionian revolt. In ancient times, Greece wasn't a single country like it is today. It was made up of lots of smaller states.

These states were always squabbling and often went to war.

The First Persian War. After the Ionian revolt ended, Darius decided to expand his empire's territories. In BC the Persians defeated the remains of the Ionian revolt. A Greek hoplite armed with an aspis and a doru The Ancient Greeks went through their dark age in the years leading up to the 8th century BC. After the 8th century BC until the 6th century AD this period can be classed as the Ancient Greek period of history. This is a period of interesting wars and advances in warfare. "Roberts presents the reader with a clear, straightforward and chronological narrative of events from the background to and origins of the war through to its grim conclusion and inconclusive war-torn aftermath this is a good read and a good overview of the events that shaped the Classical Age.

Sparta and Athens fought a long war, called the Peloponnesian War, from to BC. A Greek hoplite armed with an aspis and a doru The Ancient Greeks went through their dark age in the years leading up to the 8th century BC.

After the 8th century BC until the 6th century AD this period can be classed as the Ancient Greek period of history. This is a period of interesting wars and advances in warfare. Ancient Greek society placed considerable emphasis on literature and, according to many, the whole Western literary tradition began there, with the epic poems of Homer..

In addition to the invention of the epic and lyric forms of poetry, though, the Greeks were also essentially responsible for the invention of drama, and they produced masterpieces of both tragedy and comedy that are still.

"Roberts presents the reader with a clear, straightforward and chronological narrative of events from the background to and origins of the war through to its grim conclusion and inconclusive war-torn aftermath this is a good read and a good overview of the events that shaped the Classical Age.

The War fought between the two leading city-states in ancient Greece, Athens and Sparta. Description: The Peloponnesian War ( B.C.) took place between the Athenian empire and Peloponnesian league lead by the Spartans.

List of wars involving Greece - Wikipedia