March 1, It contains two floors centered on a giant nave that has a great dome ceiling, along with smaller domes, towering above.
See Article History Alternative Titles: The original church to occupy the site called the Megale Ekklesia was commissioned by Emperor Constantine I inrazed during a riot inlater rebuilt, and destroyed once again in before Justinian commissioned the building that exists today. Since then, mosaics were added throughout the Byzantine period, structural modifications were made in both the Byzantine and Ottoman periods, and features important to the Islamic architectural tradition were constructed during Ottoman ownership of the structure.
Read more about Constantine I.
Believers of which faiths have worshipped in the Hagia Sophia? The structure originally erected on the site of the Hagia Sophia was a Christian cathedral called the Megale Ekklesia, which was commissioned by the first Christian Roman emperor, Constantine I.
Prior to that, the site had been home to a pagan temple. It went through another religious conversion after the conquest of Constantinople by Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II inwhen it was designated a mosque. It was converted into a museum a year later, a decision which remains controversial.
Read more about Mehmed II. Why is the Hagia Sophia important? For almost a millennium after its construction, it was the largest cathedral in all of Christendom.
It served as a center of religious, political, and artistic life for the Byzantine world and has provided us with many useful scholarly insights into the period.
It was also an important site of Muslim worship after Sultan Mehmed II conquered Constantinople in and designated the structure a mosque. It would remain a mosque until being converted into a museum in the s.
Read more about the Byzantine Empire. How was the Hagia Sophia altered during the Ottoman Period? Sultan Mehmed II designated the previously Christian church a mosque shortly after he conquered the city in Bringing the structure in line with the Islamic tradition called for a series of other modifications, not all of which were undertaken during the reign of Mehmed II.
Later modifications included the construction of more minarets, the whitewashing of Christian mosaics, and the addition of structural supports. Read more about the Ottoman Empire.
Little Hagia Sophia Mosque Construction of the new church began shortly before that of Hagia Sophia, built from to It was believed that the building had been designed by the same architects, The Byzantine Churches of Istanbul: A Photographic Survey. Hagia Sophia, Turkish Ayasofya, Latin Sancta Sophia, also called Church of the Holy Wisdom or Church of the Divine Wisdom, cathedral built at Constantinople (now Istanbul, Turkey) in the 6th century ce (–) under the direction of the Byzantine emperor Justinian I. The church itself was severely damaged during the three days of looting and pillaging, and if it weren’t for the Sultan giving the order to convert it into a mosque, there probably wouldn’t be any Church of Hagia Sophia in Istanbul today.
How did the Hagia Sophia get its name? Hagia Sophia is not, in fact, the only name that the structure has gone by.Hagia Irene (left) and the Church of Hagia Sophia in Istanbul, Turkey.
Originally built in , the Church of Hagia Sophia in Istanbul was initially a Greek Orthodox basilica church. For nearly 1, years, the church was used as an Easter Orthodox Cathedral.
Tales abound of miracles associated with the church. Hagia Sophia is the symbol of Byzantium in the same way that the Parthenon embodies Classical Greece or the Eiffel Tower typifies Paris.
Isidore of Miletus & Anthemius of Tralles for Emperor Justinian, Hagia Sophia, Istanbul, , photo: Steven Zucker (CC BY-NC-SA ). Jul 14, · Located in Istanbul’s old town on the European side of the Bosphorus, Hagia Sophia ("Holy Wisdom") was built in the 6th century and was the world's largest religious monument for nearly a.
The Hagia Sophia, whose name means “holy wisdom,” is a domed monument originally built as a cathedral in Constantinople (now Istanbul, Turkey) in the sixth century A.D.
Things to do near Hagia Sophia Museum / Church (Ayasofya) on TripAdvisor: See , reviews and 54, candid photos of things to do near Hagia Sophia Museum / Church (Ayasofya) in Istanbul, Turkey. The church of Hagia Sophia (literally “Holy Wisdom”) in Constantinople, now Istanbul, was first dedicated in by Emperor Constantius, son of the city’s founder, Emperor Constantine.
Hagia Sophia served as the cathedra, or bishop’s seat, of the city.