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Canon Law The Synod of Bishops came into existence as a result of a document motu proprio, i. Canon - The Synod of bishops is that group of bishops who have been chosen from different regions of the world and who meet at stated times to foster a closer unity between the Roman Pontiff and the bishops, to assist the Roman Pontiff with their counsel in safeguarding and increasing faith and morals and My practice docu preserving and strengthening ecclesiastical discipline, and to consider questions concerning the Church's activity in the world.
Canon - It is the role of the Synod of Bishops to discuss the questions on their agenda and to express their desires about them but not to resolve them or to issue decrees about them, unless the Roman Pontiff in certain cases has endowed the Synod with deliberative power, and, in this event, it is his role to ratify its decisions.
Canon - A Synod of Bishops is directly under the authority of the Roman Pontiff whose role it is to: Canon - A Synod of Bishops can meet in a General Session, which deals with matters which directly concern the good of the entire Church; such a Session is either Ordinary or Extraordinary; a Synod of Bishops can also meet in a Special Session, which deals with matters which directly concern a definite region or regions.
To this membership are added some members of clerical religious institutes elected in accord with the norm of the same special law.
A Synod of Bishops is gathered in Extraordinary General Session to deal with matters which require a speedy solution; its membership consists of the following: To this membership are added some members of clerical religious institutes elected in accord with the same law.
The membership of a Synod of Bishops gathered in a Special Session consists of those who have been especially selected from the regions for which the Synod has been convoked, in accord with the norm of the special law which governs such a Synod.
When a Session of a Synod of Bishops is concluded by the Roman Pontiff, the responsibility entrusted to the bishops and other members in the Synod ceases.
If the Apostolic See becomes vacant after a Synod has been called or during its celebration the meeting of the Synod is suspended by the law itself as is the responsibility which has been entrusted to its members in connection with it; such a suspension continues until a new Pontiff decrees either that the Session be dissolved or continued.
The Synod of Bishops has a permanent General Secretariat presided over by a General Secretary who is appointed by the Roman Pontiff; he is assisted by the Council of the Secretariat; this Council consists of bishops, some of whom are elected in accord with the norm of its special law by the Synod of Bishops itself while others are appointed by the Roman Pontiff; the responsibility of all these members ceases when a new General Session begins.
Furthermore one or several Secretaries are established who are named by the Roman Pontiff for each Session of a Synod of Bishops, but they remain in the role entrusted to them only until the Session of the Synod has been completed.
In exercising his office munus the Roman Pontiff is assisted by the bishops who aid him in various ways and among these is the Synod of Bishops; moreover the cardinals, the Roman Curia, pontifical legates and other persons and various institutes assist him according to the needs of the times; all these persons and institutes carry out the task committed to them in his name and by his authority for the good of all the Churches, according to the norm of law established by the Roman Pontiff himself.
The participation of patriarchs and other hierarchs who preside over Churches sui iuris in the Synod of Bishops is regulated by special norms established by the Roman Pontiff. The Apostolic concern leading Us to carefully survey the signs of the times and to make every effort to adapt the means and methods of the holy apostolate to the changing circumstances and need of our day, impels Us to establish even closer ties with the bishops in order to strengthen Our union with them "whom the Holy Spirit has placed [ We are led to this not merely by the reverence, esteem and sense of gratitude that We rightly feel towards all Our Venerable Brothers in the episcopate, but also by the very heavy responsibility that has been laid upon Us as universal Shepherd, a responsibility that obliges Us to lead the People of God to eternal pastures.
For daily experience has taught Us how helpful this kind of union will be in carrying out Our apostolic Office in this age that is so upset and full of division and yet so open to the salutary inspiration of God's grace; We intend to use every means available to Us to promote and foster it.
Hence it is only fitting, especially during the celebration of the Second Vatican Ecumenical Council, that this conviction has taken firm root in Us concerning the necessity and importance of making every greater use of the bishops' assistance in providing for the good of the universal Church.
It was also the Ecumenical Council that gave Us the idea of permanently establishing a special Council of bishops, with the aim of providing for a continuance after the Council of the great abundance of benefits that We have been so happy to see flow to the Christian people during the time of the Council as a result of Our close collaboration with the bishops.
Now that the Second Ecumenical Council of the Vatican is drawing to a close, We feel the time has come to put this decision, long since made, into effect; and We are all the more happy to do so because of Our certain knowledge that the bishops of the Catholic world are in favor of this step; this is clear from the many wishes expressed in this regard in the ecumenical Council.
And so, after carefully considering the whole matter, because of our esteem and regard for all the Catholic bishops and with the aim of providing them with abundantly means for greater and more effective participation in Our concern for the universal Church, on our own initiative and by Our apostolic authority, We hereby erect and establish here in Rome a permanent Council of bishops for the universal Church, to be directly and immediately subject to Our power.
Its proper name will be the Synod of Bishops. This Synod, which, like all human institutions, can be improved upon with the passing of time, is to be governed by the following regulations: I The Synod of Bishops, whereby bishops chosen from various parts of the world are to offer more effective assistance to the supreme Shepherd, is to be constituted in such a way that it is: II The Synod of Bishops has, of its very nature, the function of providing information and offering advice.
It can also enjoy the power of making decisions when such power is conferred upon it by the Roman Pontiff; in this case, it belongs to him to ratify the decisions of the Synod.
The general purpose of the Synod are: Its special and immediate purposes are: V The Synod of Bishops meeting in General Session will primarily, and as a general rule, be made up of: The cardinals who are in charge of departments of the Roman Curia will also attend the General Sessions of the Synod of Bishops.
The cardinals who are in charge of the departments of the Roman Curia will also attend the Extraordinary Sessions of the Synod of Bishops.
VII The Synod of Bishops meeting in Special Session will be made up of the patriarchs, major archbishops and metropolitans outside of a patriarchate of the Catholic Churches of the Eastern rite, as well as of those who represent either the episcopal Conferences of one or a number of nations or the religious institutes, as has been established in article V and article VIII, but in this case, all of them are to belong to the region for which the Synod of Bishops is being convoked.
The episcopal Conferences which take in a number of nations will choose their representatives on the same basis. IX In choosing those who are to represent the episcopal Conferences of one or a number of nations and the religious institutes in the Synod of Bishops, great attention should be paid not just to the general knowledge and wisdom of individuals, but also to their theoretical and practical knowledge of the matter which the Synod is to take up.
X The Supreme Pontiff may, if he so chooses, increase the number of members of the Synod of Bishops by adding bishops, or religious to represent the religious institutes, or clerics who are experts, to the extent of fifteen percent of the total number of the members mentioned in articles V and VIII.
XI At the conclusion of the Session for which the Synod of Bishops has been convoked, the persons making up the Synod lose their office by that very fact, and the same is true of any individual members who have had some special role or function.
In addition, any Session of the Synod of Bishops is to have a Special Secretary of its own who remains in office until the end of the Session. We decree and establish all this, anything to the contrary notwithstanding.
Peter's, Rome, on the fifteenth day of September, in the yearthe third of Our Pontificate. At the same time, the Supreme Pontiff directs that the present text of the Order of the Synod of Bishops be conscientiously observed by all those to whom it pertains.
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